Q & A


River Yeo – Waverley House next to Curzon Cinema

I know you guys are keeping a weather eye on the River Yeo, but I have noticed over the past few days that the levels are very low and that there is a large amount of weed growth, and I know that you cleaned up a few weeks ago. Have you any idea what is happening ?


Estates and Facilities Manager NHS North Somerset


The Environment Agency are understandably concerned about the risk of flooding as a result of recent heavy rain and the forecast of more to come.

I may have mentioned that the Land Yeo flood flows can be released into the Blind Yeo on the Tickenham side of the Motorway, recently the level in the Land Yeo has been dropped by as much as 12″, at the moment it is down by about 8″.

By doing this the river capacity can be increased if a torrential downpour were to occur in this area, also the drainage of the farmland to the east of the motorway is improved.

With the rainfall we have had, attaining a lower level is the opposite of what you would expect. As a group we have put a lot of effort into improving the flow of water in the Land Yeo and when the levels are lowered the flow virtually stops, however we appreciate that sometimes the Environment Agency  must take these steps to reduce the risk of flooding.

On the question of the rapidly growing weed, it is a species of  Watercress. It spreads like wildfire, as clumps break off the main body and float downstream, forming viable plantlets further along the river. It is a species that only grows in pure water, so in a way we are ‘victims of our own success’. However, the Environment Agency tell us that they have a successful way of dealing with it, so lets hope it will soon be less of a problem. We have removed several weed problems only to be faced with another, ‘the lively swings and roundabouts of life’.

Whilst I appreciate the work you have done, myself and my neighbours are deeply concerned over the ever decreasing level of the the Land Yeo. We live in Yeo Way and our houses back onto the river. Over the past 2-3 years the river level has dropped increasingly year on year. I have photos of the different river levels and whilst I understand it drops slightly in the winter, the evidence is apparent on the river bank which clearly shows previous levels. The banks are now frequently collapsing and the bottom is clearly visible. The levels are at least 18″ lower than they were 3 years ago. Whilst I have had a conversation with Stewart Edwards regarding this I do not feel that your organisation are too concerned about the levels. Your brochure picture distributed to all households, shows the river level as it used to be,  a far cry from today’s level . You say you wish to maintain river levels, what are you doing to promote a higher level or are you just accepting the levels set at the outlet and tilting weir at Cooks Clyse. The river has been dropped and we are not happy about it, if it carries on the way it is going we will be left with nothing more than a stream.

Thanks,  Nick Lester –  Yeo Way Clevedon.


Nick, there has been a recent temporary lowering of the water level at the Land Yeo Outfall.  This response and update will hopefully answer the points you have raised and address your concerns.  I know you are already aware of some of the following, but thought it worth including, for the benefit of others, who will also read it on the Website.

The LYF have always appreciated the importance of flow in improving the health of the river. Flow has improved  water quality, thereby avoiding the algae blooms and fish deaths that have occurred in the past,  we feel it is a very  important factor in improving the health of the river and the whole of the wildlife habitat.

Other factors affect the flow, apart from adjustments to the river levels that can be made on the other side of the motorway at Cooks Clyse and at the tilting weir incorporated into the Outfall in Marshalls Field.   If a blockage or restriction exists anywhere in the town section the flow of mostly good quality spring water from upstream, is diverted down the Yearling Ditch into the Blind Yeo, thereby completely bypassing the town.  I can assure you from my own observations for a considerable period of time, this has been 100% of the flow from Tickenham, so in effect the river through the town has been nothing more than a long pond, (stagnant in places) from the motorway to the Outfall.

Having identified three major blockages in the town section (two in culverts underground) and by sending hundreds of emails, also phone calls and letters, by our gentle powers of persuasion, we have convinced those responsible that these obstructions should be removed.  I am very pleased to be able to tell you that the third and final blockage was removed from the culvert under Shopland’s Saw Mill a few weeks ago.

Now the blockages have been removed, in order to achieve a flow, the level in the river at the outfall needs to be lower than the level on the other side of the Motorway.  In answer to your question we have explored the possibility of a higher level at Cooks Clyse and a meeting was held with the Environment Agency and the North Somerset Internal Drainage Board.  The NSIDB has similar powers with regard to rivers as the EA, their responsibility with regard to the low lying land between Clevedon and Nailsea amongst other things is to maintain drainage.  The setting of the tilting weir is controlled by the EA. The EA and the NSIDB between them determine the levels for summer and winter, (winter Dec 1st to Apr 1st). The level has to be lower in the winter to help prevent waterlogging of the farm land. Basically it is not possible to increase the level at Cook’s Clyse, without a detrimental effect on drainage.

So there you have it. If the river level is returned to where it was three years ago by holding back water at the Outfall, the level will be similar to that at Cooks Clyse and in the winter the flow will stop.  The good news is the water level and flow will soon increase by the setting of the summer level at CC, this could be before April 1st if the relatively dry weather continues.  As this will be the first occasion the town section has been clear of blockages for many years, we are hopeful of a significant improvement in flow, resulting in a level increase of 4” to 6” at your end.  The level was recently lowered by about 4” (compared to last winter) to increase the flow on completion of the culvert cleaning.

Unfortunately slumping of the river bank  is a common problem, although fluctuating  levels don’t help, I believe that the type of soil,  the banks being  very steep, and frost damage, are the main causes of the problem.  I spent £600 on materials (approved by the EA) a few years ago to reinforce the bank in my garden, if you need any information I would be pleased to help.

Considering the above, we hope that you now accept that as an organisation our concerns do include levels and that we have explored the possibility of an increase upstream.  In addition we hope you accept as we have, any return to the levels you remember at your end will have an effect on flow, and a detrimental effect on the rest of the town section of the river.  Going back to winter periods in the 90’s I can remember when the river level by Marshall’s Field was so low that bricks and stones were showing above the surface, I am not suggesting that we should go back to that, I do however feel a winter water level of 4.3 metres, set at the outfall is a reasonable compromise, when taking the whole of the river into consideration.

If you or your neighbours still have any questions or concerns, my previous offer still stands, we can arrange a walk out to Cooks Clyse to see how it operates and see where the river level is relative to the land, if you would like to do this walk, please get back to one of us.

Stewart Edwards       March 2012


Why has the end of the Land Yeo from say Strode Road to the sluice become so cloudy over the last two or three years. I used to fish the last section and it was more or less clear. Now you can’t see any more than a few inches below the surface.?

(question received by e-mail 22.6.2011)


It is believed that this happening because three years ago the river through the town was more like a long pond due to the lack of flow, most of the water from upstream being diverted into the Blind Yeo on the other side of the Motorway.

The Queens Square Culvert blockage was cleared in Dec 2009 and the Willow tree growing in the river at the back of Coleridge Road was removed earlier this year. Both of these were severely restricting the flow, allowing silt to build up on the river bed. Also as a result of poor flow, the water and silt became stagnant. The situation has now changed and the water at this end (by the Medical Centre) is now crystal clear, and flowing. As a result there are more creatures living in the silt.

The feeding habits of the Ducks has changed in the last couple of years, they can now be seen diving to reach the silt and the creatures that live in it, where the river is shallow.

Likewise the Swans and Cygnets are feeding on the weed growing on the river bed, this feeding activity is disturbing the silt putting it back into suspension in the water.

Because there is more flow which may not be so obvious where the river is wider and deeper, the silt in suspension is migrating towards the Pill, which is as it should be.

It is expected the situation will improve in time as the build ups caused by the blockages gradually get washed away.

The Environment Agency should soon be de-silting the river to the East of the town, down as far as Northern Way, this should reduce the possibility of more material being carried into the town section.



Willow trees that has its overhanging leaves touching the river. The question was:-

Will these start to take root if they make contact with the riverbed?


If the leaves are simply touching the water then there should be no risk of anything taking root in the river bed. The soft tips of the shoots and leaves can’t grow under water and will either rot back or be nibbled off by ducks etc.

All willows can potentially self root from pieces of branch stuck in the mud so it’s certainly worth checking regularly for, and removing, fallen branches.


11 Responses to Q & A

  1. Matt Cook says:

    First of all well done all for looking after this lovely and historic little river.
    Im a keen fisherman and Im always keen to find new places to fish, can you tell me any information on the fish in river? Im particularly interested in the Nailsea Tickenham stretch!
    Also who do I contact about permission to fish?

    Many Thanks For Your Work!

    • landyeofriends says:

      We are not sure don’t know about the section you mentioned but there are roach pike and perch and a really good stock of large rudd up to 1.5 lb as well as the odd escaped trout from Jacklands Trout Farm at Nailsea can be found in the river

      As far as we are aware there is no need for a permit. The permit for the Blind Yeo and for the local fishing club make no mention of the land Yeo on these permits I don’t think they are interested

      I hope this helps

  2. John cullen says:

    Could you please tell me why or how blind Yeo got it,s name. Many thanks

    • landyeofriends says:

      We think it is because blind also means closed at one end, as in blind alley.

      Going inland from the Pill the blind Yeo is only 2 miles in length, we believe it was a man made channel constructed after the war to improve drainage, reduce the risk of flooding and take the flow from the rhynes and rivers that flow across the moors between Clevedon and Nailsea.

      The main water courses that flow into the Blind Yeo are as follows,

      Yearling Ditch, which also takes the flow from the Middle Yeo and some flow from the Land Yeo.
      The River Kenn
      The Parish Brook
      The Ten Feet Rhyne
      The Clevedon Boundary Rhyne, which also takes flow from several other Rhynes

      All these water courses can be identified on the large scale OS map of the area.

  3. Julia james says:

    Since the yeo was dredged I have been left with deep drenches outside my fences on the riverbank and now the fence posts have rotted, I’ve been informed the land isn’t owned by North Somerset council and been directed to the environment agency who deal with the dredging. I’m trying to save my fences but sadly am loosing them. Who does this land belong too??? Any help with this enquiry would be greatfully received as it’s going to cost thousands to fix them as the land is full of water by the posts. Contact Julia 07889253711

  4. Simon Wilson says:

    Are the friends aware of plans to spray the river with Roundup to control water weed. Should this be allowed, any sprayed weed will did and rot, lowering oxygen levels. This will of course affect wildlife within and around the river.
    Also is this the safe way to treat the river with a local population so close, considering what is happening to Roundup’s maker in America.
    Your thoughts would be welcome

  5. brunfag says:

    The Environment Agency (EA) have a responsibility to carry out maintenance work to minimise the risk of flooding.
    Using herbicide is one method they can use to control weed growth and notices are posted in the spring before any weed growth occurs in case they need to use it.
    As far as we are aware Roundup has not been used in the town section of the river this year and now the mechanical and manual weed clearing is underway we can see no reason why it should be.
    Some plants like watercress can grow extremely quickly in the summer months and can soon span the river, it has an extensive root system that can encourage the build-up of silt and along with the vegetation can very quickly cause a restriction to flow in the river.
    In recent years watercress has grown very vigorously in some sections of the river, Roundup is effective way of controlling it as it also kills the root system and prevents regrowth, however this year it has not been so much of a problem.
    The EA have to apply for a licence before herbicide can be used and Roundup is the only one approved by DEFRA in a water environment, it use is also less intrusive as it can be applied with a lance from the river bank and less likely to disturb wildlife.
    EA policy is to only use mechanical or manual methods of weed removal as a last resort while birds are nesting, normally this work is carried out from the end of August into the autumn.
    Whether or not the use of Roundup will be reviewed following recent developments in America remains to be seen, we hope this helps with the concerns you have raised.

  6. Rebecca Wood says:

    I have a question who owns the land that Jacobs Walk is on as I have been told by the Environment Agency it is not them. My Grand-neice has been burned by Giant Hogsweed on the bank by the bridge into Yeo Way and it needs to be removed or people need to be warned it is there. Also the river on this strech is choked with plants and flow is practically stagnant…cant see the water for the plants.. apparently this is again the responsibility of who owns the bank…can anyone advise who we need to speak to as its not EA

    • Shirley Bird says:

      I would also like to know who owns that land as there is a path into Westbourne estate which has been used for over forty years and needs attention, i have been told by North Somerset that it is not a public right of way?

      • brunfag says:

        Jacobs Walk and continuation to Southern Way is a public footpath. The way river ownership works is that the land owner adjacent to the river, called the riparian is responsible for the bank and for the river up to the centre of the river. The land owner on the other side of the river has responsibility for their bank and their half of the river.

        North Somerset Council own the sports fields and are the riparian for that side of the river from the pedestrian bridge and all along Jacobs Walk behind the industrial units. The householders will be the riparians on the other side of the river.

        The Land Yeo Friends have been in correspondence for a little while now requesting North Somerset Council to clear overgrown vegetation along the length of Jacobs Walk. They have done so in the past. We are awaiting confirmation if and when they are going to do clearance soon. In the light of your experience you may like to contact them with your information on Giant Hogsweed to add weight to the need to remedy the situation.

        The Environment Agency do do an annual weed clearance of the Land Yeo (it is classified as a main river}. We are in active discussions with the EA to understand this years programme. It has been delayed by emergent work as a result of the drought. We understand from recent correspondence that they will be working clearing weeds in the Land Yeo through the town at the end of September but can not guarantee this.

      • Rebecca Wood says:

        I spoke to NSC in August about the Giant Hogweed…they have cleared the vegetation from the yeo way bridge up to Marshall field but not the strech behind strode field and the industrial units

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